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Handboek voor onderzoeksjournalisten

“Het verborgen scenario” beschrijft de Story-Based Inquiry methode: een uitvoerig in de praktijk geteste manier om onderzoeksverhalen te plannen, organiseren, onderbouwen, structureren en schrijven.

De auteurs beschouwen een onderzoek als een weg, van idee naar verhaal, waarop voortdurend keuzes moeten worden gemaakt. Met creatieve technieken, doelgerichte vragen en uitgebreide checklisten helpen ze bij alle grote en kleine beslissingen. Het resultaat is: meer efficiëntie, meer zelfvertrouwen en meer impact.

Behalve voor het maken van een onderzoeksplan ('scenario') is er ook aandacht voor het opsporen van de feiten, met hoofdstukken over internetresearch, interviewtechnieken en datajournalistiek. Het handboek begint met 'Wat is onderzoeksjournalistiek?' en eindigt met hoofdstukken over ethiek, kwaliteitscontrole en het creëren van impact.

Het boek kan gebruikt worden als gids en als naslagwerk. Beginnende onderzoeksjournalisten zullen vooral nut hebben van het heldere stappenplan. Terwijl ervaren vakgenoten er snel oplossingen in kunnen opzoeken voor problemen die ze tegenkomen.

De makers, samen opgeteld 75 jaar werkzaam in de journalistiek, combineren hun eigen inzichten met die van ervaren collega’s uit verschillende landen tot een effectieve werkwijze die ze inmiddels aan duizenden journalisten en campaigners hebben onderwezen. Unesco heeft de methode geadopteerd en inmiddels in vijftien talen uitgegeven.

Het verborgen scenario” werd voor het eerst gepubliceerd in 2017 en is thans het meest gebruikte handboek voor onderzoeksjournalisten en researchers van ngo’s in de Nederlandse taal.  

Luuk Sengers en Mark Lee Hunter, Het verborgen scenario. Een handboek voor onderzoeksjournalisten, Story-Based Inquiry Associates, Utrecht 2017 (vijfde editie: juli 2021)

ISBN 978-90-826622-0-7 | Pagina's: 346 | Format: PDF | Language: Dutch | Prijs: € 14,50

Story-Based Inquiry Manual

“Story-Based Inquiry: A Manual for Investigative Journalists”, by Mark Lee Hunter and others, is the first text that treats investigative journalism as an integrated process focused on producing an original story. This little book (about 80 pages in A4 format) guides you or your class through the basics of conceiving, structuring, researching, composing and publishing an investigation.

It’s based on doctoral-level research and an aggregate 100 years of professional practice, with experts from the Global Investigative Journalism Network like Luuk Sengers, Drew Sullivan, Nils Hanson, Pia Thordsen and Rana Sabbagh. Our thanks to UNESCO, Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalism and International Media Support for supporting this project.

“I am impressed by the Story-based Inquiry Manual. I was prepared to see it as one more book on investigative reporting by someone whose time might be better spent actually doing it. Instead I found the volume insightful and logical.” (Rosemary Armao, assistant professor of journalism/communication at the State University of New York at Albany)

Mark Lee Hunter (ed.), Story-Based Inquiry. A Manual for Investigative Journalists, Unesco, 2009

ISBN: 9-789231-041891 | Pages: 87 | Format: PDF | English - Other languages available on the
Unesco website.

Global Casebook

In this anthology, published by Unesco, twenty award-winning investigative journalists from four continents show the best of current practice, and describe in detail their research, organisation and writing methods. Instructive and inspiring for both students and teachers. 

The Global Casebook of Investigative Journalism serves as a complement to UNESCO’s successful publication Story-Based Inquiry: A Manual for Investigative Journalists (2009). The Casebook contains more than 20 recent investigative stories from around the world, covering a wide variety of topical subjects such as freedom of information, good governance, social and legal issues, the environment, health and gender. Each article is accompanied by an explanation of how the authors conducted their research and wrote their pieces. Many of the authors belong to the Global Investigative Journalism Network, and their stories exemplify the cutting-edge techniques and high standards developed within this network. This Casebook thus serves as a key knowledge resource, providing a valuable learning opportunity for journalists and media professionals, as well as for journalism trainers and educators. It will also be used by UNESCO field offices to conduct training courses in investigative reporting.

Mark Lee Hunter (ed.), The Global Investigative Journalism Casebook. Unesco Series on Journalism Education, Unesco, 2012

ISBN: 978-92-3-001089-8| Pages: 256 | Format: PDF

The Hidden Scenario

“The Hidden Scenario” goes beyond Story-Based Inquiry into our recent research on making and using timelines. After turning an idea into a verifiable hypothesis, we show how to turn the hypothesis into a scenario, the scenario into a research database including potential sources, and the research into scenes.

“The Hidden Scenario: Plotting and Outlining Investigative Stories” shows how story-telling techniques can give structure and focus to investigative journalism. Part One sets out the basic principles of establishing a chronology.

In Part Two, we move on to the construction of powerful scenes. In particular, we alert the reader to the kinds of dramatic details that must be collected, and why.

Part Three shows how scenes lead to sources: people, documents and data that might be available to prove your hypothesis and enrich your narrative. Part Four helps you apply your scenario in the field as a research tool.

“Sengers and Hunter have developed a method for organising investigative assignments that has proven practical worth. It saves time. It establishes priorities. It heightens the impact on readers and audiences. The Hidden Scenario is required reading for anyone who want their work to make a difference.
(Brendan Montague, Request Initiative)

“I recommend this for all students of serious investigative and long form journalism and working journalists embarking on longer term investigations.”
(Rosie Waterhouse, Director of the MA in Investigative Journalism, City University London)

Luuk Sengers and Mark Lee Hunter, The Hidden Scenario. Plotting and Outlining Investigative Stories, The Centre for Investigative Journalism, London 2012

Pages: 44 | Format: PDF | Language: English | Price:  € 4,40

The Story Tells the Facts

This manual addresses storytelling techniques for writers and filmmakers, showing how a research database can be transformed into a narrative structure.

Next, it delves into specific narrative devices, and shows how they add value for the audience and the producer. “The Story Tells the Facts. Structuring and Composing Investigative Narratives” shows you how to compose a story that hits hard and fast, and builds to a powerful end.

The core of this method is continuous composition and referencing - an approach that saves time and anguish, for you and your colleagues. The authors consider narrative structures and how to build them from a chronology or a sequence of scenes. Next they demonstrate specific narrative techniques, discuss ethical issues of investigative style, and move on to quality control and promotion.

If you can tell a story in words and capture information in a narrative, the odds of telling a good story in film or radio go up, too. Investigative hypotheses and scenarios are very handy tools in documentary work, as in print. Likewise, documentation remains a fundamental concern for investigative filmmakers, and that raises issues of organisation and quality control. Rhythm, or pacing, must be mastered whatever the media you work in. All of these issues, as well as tools for structuring and composing narratives, are treated in this book.
 
“Hunter and Sengers unpack the essential elements of writing like an anatomy lesson.” (Mark Schapiro, environmental journalist)

“This is such a helpful and methodological approach, whether you write or film an investigative story. I am going to make all my students read and use it!” (Margo Smit, journalism lecturer and director of the Dutch-Flemish Association of Investigative Journalists, VVOJ)


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Mark Lee Hunter and Luuk Sengers, The Story Tells the Facts. Structuring and Composing Investigative Narratives, The Centre for Investigative Journalism, London 2013

Pages: 68 | Format: PDF | Language: English | Price: € 5,00 

Curriculum

For the first time, investigative journalism professors can begin their work in the field equipped with a full-fledged teaching guide. “The Modern Investigative Journalism curriculum” goes beyond what to teach: it helps beginning instructors in the field to see how to teach it, by describing typical questions that students will ask (along with the answers), along with classroom exercises and take-home assignments that instruct through creative discussion and experience. Hypotheses, timelines, source maps, master files, interview techniques, advanced searching and basic data analysis are all included.

Yet this curriculum goes beyond the expected in several ways: It includes chapters on the history of investigative journalism, on the social, financial and enterprise value that it creates, on ethics, on presentation skills, and on finding and cataloguing open sources. Practioners who have never taught, and academics who have never conducted a journalistic investigation, will be the first beneficiaries of this book, which fills the gaps in their experience. Even experienced trainers will find new approaches to their material, particularly if, like many leaders in the field, they already use Story-Based Inquiry, the core of the new curriculum, as their basic teaching text.

Written and field-tested in collaboration with Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalism (ARIJ), our longtime partners, this curriculum is designed to be an open text. Scholars may contribute in several ways (for example, by writing the history of reform journalism in their own countries, as Saba Bebawi did for the Arab region in this inaugural edition). Plans are under way for co-publication with an international institution as we write. We ask all those who download and read this beta edition to send us their comments and critiques, which if appropriate we will include in future editions with full citation.

Mark Lee Hunter and Luuk Sengers, with Marcus Lindemann, Modern Investigative Journalism. A Comprehensive Curriculum Based on the ARIJ Method, ARIJ 2019 

Pages: 203 | Format: PDF | English

Drehbuch der Recherche

“Das Drehbuch der Recherche” ist die deutschsprachige Fassung des Handbuchs “The Hidden Scenario”, basierend auf dem Grundlagenwerk zum strukturierten Recherchieren “Story-Based Inquiry: A Manual for Investigative Journalists” von Mark Lee Hunter und Luuk Sengers. Der darin beschriebene systematische Ansatz erleichtert Journalisten das investigative Arbeiten.

Luuk Sengers und Mark Lee Hunter, Drehbuch der Recherche. Das verborgene Szenario, Netzwerk Recherche, nr Werkstatt 25, Seiten: 92 | Datei: PDF

Format: PDF | Language: German